Human PARP-1 zinc finger 1 (Zn1) bound to DNA

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.64 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

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Crystal Structures of Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase-1 (PARP-1) Zinc Fingers Bound to DNA: STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL INSIGHTS INTO DNA-DEPENDENT PARP-1 ACTIVITY.

Langelier, M.F.Planck, J.L.Roy, S.Pascal, J.M.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 10690-10701

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.202507
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3OD8, 3ODA, 3ODC, 3ODE

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) has two homologous zinc finger domains, Zn1 and Zn2, that bind to a variety of DNA structures to stimulate poly(ADP-ribose) synthesis activity and to mediate PARP-1 interaction with chromatin. The structural basis for interaction with DNA is unknown, which limits our understanding of PARP-1 regulation and involvement in DNA repair and transcription. Here, we have determined crystal structures for the individual Zn1 and Zn2 domains in complex with a DNA double strand break, providing the first views of PARP-1 zinc fingers bound to DNA. The Zn1-DNA and Zn2-DNA structures establish a novel, bipartite mode of sequence-independent DNA interaction that engages a continuous region of the phosphodiester backbone and the hydrophobic faces of exposed nucleotide bases. Biochemical and cell biological analysis indicate that the Zn1 and Zn2 domains perform distinct functions. The Zn2 domain exhibits high binding affinity to DNA compared with the Zn1 domain. However, the Zn1 domain is essential for DNA-dependent PARP-1 activity in vitro and in vivo, whereas the Zn2 domain is not strictly required. Structural differences between the Zn1-DNA and Zn2-DNA complexes, combined with mutational and structural analysis, indicate that a specialized region of the Zn1 domain is re-configured through the hydrophobic interaction with exposed nucleotide bases to initiate PARP-1 activation.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA.


Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1
A, B, C, D, E
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
116Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P09874 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09874 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09874
PHAROS:  P09874
GTEx:  ENSG00000143799 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP09874
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence

Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains LengthOrganismImage
I, J, K, L, M
I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.64 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 62.812α = 90
b = 107.334β = 100.61
c = 86.998γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CBASSdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-01-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2024-02-21
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations