Crystal structure of the N-terminal domain of TXNIP

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 

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The structural basis for the negative regulation of thioredoxin by thioredoxin-interacting protein.

Hwang, J.Suh, H.W.Jeon, Y.H.Hwang, E.Nguyen, L.T.Yeom, J.Lee, S.G.Lee, C.Kim, K.J.Kang, B.S.Jeong, J.O.Oh, T.K.Choi, I.Lee, J.O.Kim, M.H.

(2014) Nat Commun 5: 2958-2958

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3958
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4GFX, 4LL1, 4LL4

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The redox-dependent inhibition of thioredoxin (TRX) by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) plays a pivotal role in various cancers and metabolic syndromes. However, the molecular mechanism of this regulation is largely unknown. Here, we present the crystal structure of the TRX-TXNIP complex and demonstrate that the inhibition of TRX by TXNIP is mediated by an intermolecular disulphide interaction resulting from a novel disulphide bond-switching mechanism. Upon binding to TRX, TXNIP undergoes a structural rearrangement that involves switching of a head-to-tail interprotomer Cys63-Cys247 disulphide between TXNIP molecules to an interdomain Cys63-Cys190 disulphide, and the formation of a de novo intermolecular TXNIP Cys247-TRX Cys32 disulphide. This disulphide-switching event unexpectedly results in a domain arrangement of TXNIP that is entirely different from those of other arrestin family proteins. We further show that the intermolecular disulphide bond between TRX and TXNIP dissociates in the presence of high concentrations of reactive oxygen species. This study provides insight into TRX and TXNIP-dependent cellular regulation.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Biochemicals and Synthetic Biology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 305-806, Korea.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thioredoxin-interacting protein151Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: TXNIPVDUP1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9H3M7 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9H3M7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9H3M7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ9H3M7
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C3 H8 O3
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 37.431α = 90
b = 56.621β = 90
c = 67.66γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-05
    Type: Initial release