Mitotic phosphorylation regulates Hsp72 spindle localization by uncoupling ATP binding from substrate release.Mukherjee, M., Sabir, S., O'Regan, L., Sampson, J., Richards, M.W., Huguenin-Dezot, N., Ault, J.R., Chin, J.W., Zhuravleva, A., Fry, A.M., Bayliss, R.
(2018) Sci Signal 11
- PubMed: 30108182
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/scisignal.aao2464
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Hsp72 is a member of the 70-kDa heat shock family of molecular chaperones (Hsp70s) that comprise a nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) and a substrate-binding domain (SBD) connected by a linker that couples the exchange of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) with the release of the protein substrate. Mitotic phosphorylation of Hsp72 by the kinase NEK6 at Thr 66 located in the NBD promotes the localization of Hsp72 to the mitotic spindle and is required for efficient spindle assembly and chromosome congression and segregation. We determined the crystal structure of the Hsp72 NBD containing a genetically encoded phosphoserine at position 66. This revealed structural changes that stabilized interactions between subdomains within the NBD. ATP binding to the NBD of unmodified Hsp72 resulted in the release of substrate from the SBD, but phosphorylated Hsp72 retained substrate in the presence of ATP. Mutations that prevented phosphorylation-dependent subdomain interactions restored the connection between ATP binding and substrate release. Thus, phosphorylation of Thr 66 is a reversible mechanism that decouples the allosteric connection between nucleotide binding and substrate release, providing further insight into the regulation of the Hsp70 family. We propose that phosphorylation of Hsp72 on Thr 66 by NEK6 during mitosis promotes its localization to the spindle by stabilizing its interactions with components of the mitotic spindle.
Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.