7B3C

Structure of elongating SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase with Remdesivir at position -4 (structure 2)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.40 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 polymerase stalling by remdesivir.

Kokic, G.Hillen, H.S.Tegunov, D.Dienemann, C.Seitz, F.Schmitzova, J.Farnung, L.Siewert, A.Hobartner, C.Cramer, P.

(2021) Nat Commun 12: 279-279

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-20542-0
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7B3B, 7B3C, 7B3D

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Remdesivir is the only FDA-approved drug for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. The active form of remdesivir acts as a nucleoside analog and inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of coronaviruses including SARS-CoV-2. Remdesivir is incorporated by the RdRp into the growing RNA product and allows for addition of three more nucleotides before RNA synthesis stalls ...

    Remdesivir is the only FDA-approved drug for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. The active form of remdesivir acts as a nucleoside analog and inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of coronaviruses including SARS-CoV-2. Remdesivir is incorporated by the RdRp into the growing RNA product and allows for addition of three more nucleotides before RNA synthesis stalls. Here we use synthetic RNA chemistry, biochemistry and cryo-electron microscopy to establish the molecular mechanism of remdesivir-induced RdRp stalling. We show that addition of the fourth nucleotide following remdesivir incorporation into the RNA product is impaired by a barrier to further RNA translocation. This translocation barrier causes retention of the RNA 3'-nucleotide in the substrate-binding site of the RdRp and interferes with entry of the next nucleoside triphosphate, thereby stalling RdRp. In the structure of the remdesivir-stalled state, the 3'-nucleotide of the RNA product is matched and located with the template base in the active center, and this may impair proofreading by the viral 3'-exonuclease. These mechanistic insights should facilitate the quest for improved antivirals that target coronavirus replication.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biology, Am Fassberg 11, Göttingen, 37077, Germany. patrick.cramer@mpibpc.mpg.de.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (nsp12)A935Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.19.12 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22.69 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.48 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.12 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DTD1 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD1
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UniProt GroupP0DTD1
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SARS-CoV-2 nsp8B201Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.19.12 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22.69 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.48 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.12 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DTD1 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTD1 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD1
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UniProt GroupP0DTD1
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SARS-CoV-2 nsp7C86Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.19.12 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22.69 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.48 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.12 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.13 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DTD1 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTD1 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD1
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UniProt GroupP0DTD1
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA/RNA (5'-R(P*CP*UP*AP*CP*GP*CP*A)-D(P*(RMP))-R(P*GP*UP*G)-3')D [auth P]15Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
RNA (5'-R(P*UP*CP*AP*CP*UP*UP*GP*CP*GP*UP*AP*G)-3')E [auth T]57Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
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Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A],
G [auth A]
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.40 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
German Research Foundation (DFG)GermanyFOR2848
German Research Foundation (DFG)GermanySFB860
German Research Foundation (DFG)GermanySPP2191
German Research Foundation (DFG)GermanyEXC 2067/1- 390729940
German Research Foundation (DFG)GermanySPP1784
European Research Council (ERC)Germany682586
European Research Council (ERC)Germany693023

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-12-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-01-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2021-02-03
    Changes: Database references