Structural insights into the PrpTA toxin-antitoxin system in Pseudoalteromonas rubra.Wang, C., Niu, C., Hidayatullah, K.M., Xue, L., Zhu, Z., Niu, L.
(2022) Front Microbiol 13: 1053255-1053255
- PubMed: 36504814
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2022.1053255
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
7YCS, 7YCU, 7YCV, 7YCW
- PubMed Abstract:
Bacteria could survive stresses by a poorly understood mechanism that contributes to the emergence of bacterial persisters exhibiting multidrug tolerance (MDT). Recently, Pseudoalteromonas rubra prpAT module was found to encode a toxin PrpT and corresponding cognate antidote PrpA ...
Bacteria could survive stresses by a poorly understood mechanism that contributes to the emergence of bacterial persisters exhibiting multidrug tolerance (MDT). Recently, Pseudoalteromonas rubra prpAT module was found to encode a toxin PrpT and corresponding cognate antidote PrpA. In this study, we first reported multiple individual and complex structures of PrpA and PrpT, which uncovered the high-resolution three-dimensional structure of the PrpT:PrpA 2 :PrpT heterotetramer with the aid of size exclusion chromatography-multi-angle light scattering experiments (SEC-MALS). PrpT:PrpA 2 :PrpT is composed of a PrpA homodimer and two PrpT monomers which are relatively isolated from each other and from ParE family. The superposition of antitoxin monomer structures from these structures highlighted the flexible C-terminal domain (CTD). A striking conformational change in the CTDs of PrpA homodimer depolymerized from homotetramer was provoked upon PrpT binding, which accounts for the unique PrpT-PrpA RHH mutual interactions and further neutralizes the toxin PrpT. PrpA 2-54 -form I and II crystal structures both contain a doughnut-shaped hexadecamer formed by eight homodimers organized in a cogwheel-like form via inter-dimer interface dominated by salt bridges and hydrogen bonds. Moreover, PrpA tends to exist in solution as a homodimer other than a homotetramer (SEC-MALS) in the absence of flexible CTD. Multiple multi-dimers, tetramer and hexamer included, of PrpA 2-54 mediated by the symmetric homodimer interface and the complicated inter-dimer interface could be observed in the solution. SEC-MALS assays highlighted that phosphate buffer (PB) and the increase in the concentration appear to be favorable for the PrpA 2-54 oligomerization in the solution. Taken together with previous research, a model of PrpA 2-54 homotetramer in complex with prpAT promoter and the improved mechanism underlying how PrpTA controls the plasmid replication were proposed here.
MOE Key Laboratory for Membraneless Organelles and Cellular Dynamics, School of Life Sciences, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.