Halogen Atoms in the Protein-Ligand System. Structural and Thermodynamic Studies of the Binding of Bromobenzotriazoles by the Catalytic Subunit of Human Protein Kinase CK2.Czapinska, H., Winiewska-Szajewska, M., Szymaniec-Rutkowska, A., Piasecka, A., Bochtler, M., Poznanski, J.
(2021) J Phys Chem B 125: 2491-2503
- PubMed: 33689348
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c10264
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
6TLL, 6TLO, 6TLP, 6TLR, 6TLS, 6TLU, 6TLV, 6TLW
- PubMed Abstract:
- Thermodynamics parameters for binding of halogenated benzotriazole inhibitors of human protein kinase CK2 alpha.
Winiewska, M., Kucinska, K., Makowska, M., Poznanski, J., Shugar, D.
(2015) Biochim Biophys Acta 1854: 1708
- Thermodynamic parameters for binding of some halogenated inhibitors of human protein kinase CK2.
Winiewska, M., Makowska, M., Maj, P., Wielechowska, M., Bretner, M., Poznanski, J., Shugar, D.
(2015) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 456: 282
Binding of a family of brominated benzotriazoles to the catalytic subunit of human protein kinase CK2 (hCK2α) was used as a model system to assess the contribution of halogen bonding to protein-ligand interaction. CK2 is a constitutively active pleiotropic serine/threonine protein kinase that belongs to the CMGC group of eukaryotic protein kinases (EPKs) ...
Binding of a family of brominated benzotriazoles to the catalytic subunit of human protein kinase CK2 (hCK2α) was used as a model system to assess the contribution of halogen bonding to protein-ligand interaction. CK2 is a constitutively active pleiotropic serine/threonine protein kinase that belongs to the CMGC group of eukaryotic protein kinases (EPKs). Due to the addiction of some cancer cells, CK2 is an attractive and well-characterized drug target. Halogenated benzotriazoles act as ATP-competitive inhibitors with unexpectedly good selectivity for CK2 over other EPKs. We have characterized the interaction of bromobenzotriazoles with hCK2α by X-ray crystallography, low-volume differential scanning fluorimetry, and isothermal titration calorimetry. Properties of free ligands in solution were additionally characterized by volumetric and RT-HPLC measurements. Thermodynamic data indicate that the affinity increases with bromo substitution, with greater contributions from 5- and 6-substituents than 4- and 7-substituents. Except for 4,7-disubstituted compounds, the bromobenzotriazoles adopt a canonical pose with the triazole close to lysine 68, which precludes halogen bonding. More highly substituted benzotriazoles adopt many additional noncanonical poses, presumably driven by a large hydrophobic contribution to binding. Some noncanonical ligand orientations allow the formation of halogen bonds with the hinge region. Consistent with a predominantly hydrophobic interaction, the isobaric heat capacity decreases upon ligand binding, the more so the higher the substitution.
Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics PAS, Pawińskiego 5a, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.